Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Myall Creek Massacre During Colonial Australia

The Myall Creek Massacre in Colonial Australia was caused by arising conflict from British imperialism as the greed for land and goods caused the English to disregard the rights of the Australian natives. In pursuit of resources and Newmarket’s, Britain colonised the majority of the world and the ramifications of this have continued into today. Firstly, upon colonising the land, settlers were continuing to ship convicts to Australia, due to America refusing the convicts after the War of Independence. The tensions that arose as a result of British colonisation culminated several episodes of conflict such as the Myall Creek Massacre. This event occurred as the result of escalating tensions between white settlers and the Aborigines which†¦show more content†¦The convicts did not follow this conduct and most believed that the Australian natives were ‘barely human’ (MacDougall .A.K 2004). The population ratio of British settlers in Australia to the natives, dr astically altered over the century in the result of rapid colonisation and the conflicts which the Commonwealth of Australia Official Year Books explicitly depicts. The British settlers came in masses bringing a new society and culture to the land. The indigenous people were not familiar with an individual possession society and believed that the stock on the land was to be hunted and used as a food source. This is epitomised in a letter sent to the editor of The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser by Daniel Eaton in 1838, stating that ‘five horses [were] killed, and four others were wounded†¦ a hundred head of cattle killed and the flocks and herds were driven away in all directions by the blacks’ (Convict Creations, 2013). Newspapers from the time showed that the British reacted to the natives by killing them off the land and believed that the ‘Natives should be slaughtered†¦[because] they are baboons, blood thirsty dogs and black animals’ (Stewart D,1986). The British were not interested in negotiating with the natives of the land and believed their culture was inhuman wasting the land. Governor Gawler stated in a newspaper article, ‘Black men- we wish to make you happy, but you cannot be

Monday, May 18, 2020

Sepsis Inflammation and White Cell Count Essay - 2255 Words

This is the case study of Mr. Jones, a 65 year old male, who was admitted to the emergency department with persistent cough and episodes of chest pain over the last five days. He appeared to be experiencing worsening dyspnoea, fever and feeling unwell. It was also noted that he had a poor urine output over the last 24 hours. An indwelling catheter was inserted which only obtained 20 mLs of amber urine. Mr. Jones clinical assessment revealed that his Glasgow Coma Score was 11/15. He was opening his eyes to speech, only making inappropriate words and localizes to pain. He was also pyrexial with a temperature of 39.0 ËšC, diaphoretic with hot peripheries, hypotensive BP 90/45 mmHg (MAP 60 mmHg), and tachyopneic at 30breaths/min and†¦show more content†¦Mr. Jones white cell count is elevated and revealed at 1400 mm while his CRP is also raised. Cytokinines are the one of the primary mediators that signal other cells to release additional mediators such as tumour necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-8, interferon, leukotrienes, histamine, bradykinin, prostaglandins, thromboxane A2, serotonin, nitric oxide, arachidonic acid, platelet-activating factor (PAF), oxygen free radicals and myocardial depressant factor (Munford, 2001:67). If the invading organism is a gram negative bacterium, endotoxins are also released, which further stimulate the production of these inflammatory mediators (Jones Bucher, 1999:134). Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) is responsible for the disruption of the tight junction between endothelial cells which results in an increased permeability to plasma proteins and fluid, which worsens fluid accumulation in the alveoli further impairing gas exchanged (Bersten Soni, 2009:709). TNF comprises of two different molecules, firstly TNFa which leads to programmed cell death in target cells, and when combined with IL-1 which acts on the central nervous system causing lethargy (Marieb, 2004). TNFB stimulates granulocyte activity and B cell proliferation which shows an increase in neutrophil count (Jean- Baptise, 2007:63). Monocytes, macrophages, lymphocytes, astrocytes and endothelial cells secrete IL-1 which promotes fever, anorexia,Show MoreRelatedCauses And Treatment Of Sepsis1573 Words   |  7 Pages‘Sepsis’, a lame man might hear of this word and have no clue or whatsoever of what this is – but in the real world it’s not something to be happy about and has been a major issue in the medical field. Sepsis is a complex condition which doesn’t have a specific definition, diagnosis or treatment but one thing the medical practitioners are specific of is the origin. Sepsis is from a Greek word called â€Å"Sepo† which means â€Å"decay† idiomatically known as â€Å"Blood poisoning† (Steen C., 2009). The medicalRead MoreEvaluation Of Open Reduction And Internal Fixation Of Maxillofacial Fractures1559 Words   |  7 Pagesinflammatory markers in diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of infectious complications in post-operative patients[1-4]. Vario us authors have studied markers including (Total leucocyte count) TLC, CRP(C-reactive protein), AST (Aspartate Transaminase) and ALT (Alanine Transaminase) in patients with SIRS and sepsis [5]. Behaviour of inflammatory markers and their correlation to infection in the postoperative phase have been evaluated in various disciplines of surgery. However, similar studies in maxillofacialRead MoreThe Overwhelming Infection of Septic Shock980 Words   |  4 Pageshypotension, altered coagulation, inflammation, impaired circulation at a cellular level, anaerobic metabolism, changes in mental status and multiple organ failure (as sited in Garretson Malberti, Ignatavicius and Workman (2009), â€Å"sepsis is a widespread infection coupled with a more general criteria: body temperature higher than 380C or lower than 360C, heart rate greater than 90 beats per minute, respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minutes, and WBC count greater than 12,000/mm or lowerRead MoreSepsis Is Defined As A Severe Infection1370 Words   |  6 PagesAccording to Elsevier, â€Å"Sepsis is defined as a severe infection that occurs after bacteremia of gram-negative bacilli (most common) or gram-p ositive cocci. Septic shock is mediated by a complex interaction of hormonal and chemical substances through an immune system response to bacterial endotoxins†. Sepsis occurs when the body becomes infected with an infection that takes over the entire circulatory system andRead MoreSepsis : A Systemic And Response Of The Immune System1244 Words   |  5 PagesSepsis Sepsis is a systemic over response of the immune system, due to an infection that the body tries to fight. This leads to reduced blood flow to vital organs such as the kidneys and the heart, which often results in multiple organ failure with the possibility of death. Sepsis can develop into septic shock which is the point where the patient’s blood pressure drops to a dangerous level due to the presence of bacteria in the body. Patients diagnosed with sever sepsis have a 20-30% chance of deathRead MoreSepsis Early Detection and Treatment1132 Words   |  5 PagesRunning Head: SEPSIS DETECTION AND TREATMENT Sepsis Early Detection and Treatment Steven H. Gregory Chamberlain College of Nursing March28, 2009 Sepsis Early Detection and Treatment Severe Sepsis affects 750,000 Americans and causes more than 200,000 deaths annually. Sepsis is a complex condition that results from an infectious process that represents the bodys response to infection and involves systemic inflammatory and cellular events that result in altered circulation and coagulationRead MoreSepsis5688 Words   |  23 PagesRunning Head: Sepsis 1 Sepsis: A Clinical Case Study Example Conestoga College Running Head: Sepsis 2 Abstract Sepsis is an inflammatory systemic response to infection. The symptoms are produced by the host’s defense systems rather than by the invading pathogens (Schouten et al., 2008). Sepsis is a frequent cause of admission to intensive care units (ICUs) and it is one of the leading causes of death among hospitalized patients (Alberti et al., 2003). It is a public healthRead MoreAppendicitis Case Study1950 Words   |  8 PagesIn the absence of surgical facilities, intravenous antibiotics are used to delay or avoid the onset of sepsis; it is now recognized that many cases will resolve when treated non-operatively. In some cases the appendicitis resolves completely; more often, an inflammatory mass forms around the appendix. This is a relative contraindication to surgery. APPENDICITIS Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. It is thought that appendicitis begins when the opening from the appendix into the cecumRead MoreA Short Note On Chronic Inflammatory Disease And Its Effect On The Body s Immune System1567 Words   |  7 PagesSLE is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs when your body’s immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. There are different body systems effected such as joints, skin, blood cells, brain, kidneys, heart and lungs. Some may have only a few joints affected, where others may have multiple joints affected. The small joints of the hands and feet tend to be the most common affected. Joint stiffness is common and is usually worse in the morning. Mild joint swelling may occur but severe arthritisRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Sepsis2113 Words   |  9 PagesIntroduction Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening complication caused by the body’s response to an infection. Our immune system protects us against threats, which include viruses, bacteria and parasites that cause infectious diseases. Our immune system responds by triggering an inflammatory response to bacteria in the blood. However, with sepsis the response is massive and the inflammation that occurs can cause a ripple effect of changes that may lead to damage of multiple organ systems, causing

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Psychology Life Spans - 1433 Words

Development Throughout the Lifespan NAME. PSY : Personality Theories Argosy University Development throughout the Lifespan The development of our personalities throughout our lifespan can be broken down into various stages when considering Erikson’s approach to psychology development. Each person moves through these stages during life, which directly affects his or her success in the next stage. The personality is being built and shaped at each stage. The first step is to summarize what was learned about the psychosocial development through observations/ interviews. Second, summarize the trends seen through the observations/interviews regarding psychosocial development. Third, explain how movement through†¦show more content†¦People are motivated by behaviors and actions. I believe this to be very true; when I am around smart productive people then I feel smarter and more productive. On the other hand, when I hang around lazy people then I want to be lazy and not do anything and this serves as a turning point for slow personal growth. Movement through Erikson’s stages directl y affects people’s success in the next stage. In a nutshell, a person must deal with a conflict until it is resolved with the major events and then they can move on to the next stage in the lifespan successfully. Both theories are providing valuable information on how a person progresses through the stages of life and deal with conflict. Freud had some very valid points; however not everything is related to the basis of sexuality. Erickson explains his theory in a more articulate manner by expanding on how conflict is present and a person must resolve them successfully to continue onto the next stage while formulating a healthy personality to confront and master new challenges during the lifecycle. For example, while I was growing up, I had experienced many crises as each stage of my life not that I knew of them back then, but in hindsight I see how that solving my crisis at each stage influenced my personality, which made me the successful person I am today. Another example is watching myShow MoreRelatedLife Span Psychology- Prenatal Development3073 Words   |  13 PagesPrenatal Development †¢ In the life span development the shortest is the period of the newborn or infancy †¢ This period, which begins at conception and ends at birth, is approximately 270 to 280 days in length or nine calendar months. †¢ How life begins? o New life begins with the union of male sex cell and female sex cell. o These sex cells are developed in the reproductive organs, the gonads. o Male gonad is â€Å"testes† and female gonad is â€Å"ovaries† o Male sex cell is referred as â€Å"spermatozoon†Read MoreLife Span Psychology- Prenatal Development3062 Words   |  13 PagesPrenatal Development †¢ In the life span development the shortest is the period of the newborn or infancy †¢ This period, which begins at conception and ends at birth, is approximately 270 to 280 days in length or nine calendar months. †¢ How life begins? o New life begins with the union of male sex cell and female sex cell. o These sex cells are developed in the reproductive organs, the gonads. o Male gonad is â€Å"testes† and female gonad is â€Å"ovaries† o Male sex cell is referred as â€Å"spermatozoon† andRead MoreThe Broad Field Of Developmental Psychology Is The Life Span Of Dyslexia1329 Words   |  6 PagesThe topic of discussion related primarily to the broad field of developmental psychology is the life span of dyslexia. Reasoning for why this topic is so controversial can range from speculation on the impact of media on many people to researchers arguing that there really is no definitive and accurate way of determining the reasoning for it. In order to fully address the symptoms and reasoning over time on dyslexia in this research paper, I will present multiple findings that can pin point whatRead MoreHow We Can Live Longer Essay1444 Words   |  6 PagesLongevity A. Life Span and Life Expectancy III. What determines Longevity III. Why Don’t Most Americans Live Past the Average Life Expectancy IV. Leading Causes Of Death (table) V. What Do We Do to Live Longer Conclusion: Introduction What is the fear of most humans? The fear is aging and death. In this paper you will find out a lot about aging. You will learn what longevity is, what determines it, the average length of life and how you canRead MoreExamine Research on Applications of Life Span Psychology on the Children Defense Fund Program1254 Words   |  6 Pageson Applications of Lifespan Psychology The purpose and focus of this week assignment is to select a program or an agency that conducts research on lifespan psychology to create applications that strengthen public policy and programs. The program selected for this assignment is the Children defense fund program. The Children Defense fund is a nationwide organization put in place to ensure that every child is treated fair and has an effective and promising start in life, regardless of their race, backgroundRead MoreThe Theory Of Personality Psychology1292 Words   |  6 Pages Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the differences between people’s behaviors in terms of patterns, cognitions, and emotion. Personality psychology has been around for centuries, since Hippocrates’ Four Humors. Personality psychology has taken on many forms and has continued to develop throughout the centuries. Personality psychology is also developed with and from other fields of psychology like child d evelopment, behavioral, cognitive, and few others. PersonalityRead MoreLife Span Human Development Paper748 Words   |  3 Pagesfrom 3/31/10) Life Span Perspective Paper : To understand change in life is probably one of the most important aspects of human development. Our perspective on life and understanding the changes that occur during the different stages of the human life is the key to understanding why we tick and operate the way we do. Lifespan perspective is a key to understanding this and is something a person must do basically lifelong. Life development is basically ones understandingRead MoreLife Span Development Paper664 Words   |  3 PagesAccording to Cliff Notes, Developmental psychology is the scientific study of age-related changes throughout the human life span. A discipline of scientific inquiry, developmental psychology recognizes humans of all societies and cultures as beings who are â€Å"in process,† or constantly growing and changing. This discipline identifies the biological, psychological, and social aspects that interact to influence the growing human life-span process. Within the last 2 5 years, developmentalist’s researchersRead MoreErik Erikson s Theory And Theory908 Words   |  4 Pagesidea that early life experiences impact the person across their lifespan. Erikson’s developmental theory discusses the eight stages of life and the forces and values that arise at each stage, which should be developed within this frame. The attachment theory focuses on the interaction an individual has and the impact it may have on their psychological and social development. Both theories believe that personality begins to develop from a young age and therefore occurrences in early life can have lastingRead MoreEssay on The Life-Span Developmental Approach to Counseling999 Words   |  4 Pages The life-span development approach addresses the basic nature versus nurture debate by allowing for both. Just as our physicals selves are determined by both genetics and lifestyle, so are our emotional selves. As a Licensed Professional Counselor, I plan to consider life -span development to specialize in counseling a specific type of person with hopes of becoming well-versed, and therefore more helpful, in the types of experiences that group faces. â€Å"Personality can be better understood if it is

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Women s Rights Movement Essay - 1834 Words

One hundred years before the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, women in America began the Women’s Rights Movement to fight for rights of women. While there are many aspects to human rights, the United Nations defines Human Rights as â€Å"rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.† Women during the late 19th century began to realize ladies were treated with less respect and dignity than their male counterparts. A small gathering of women in Seneca Falls, New York began the Women’s Rights Movement in 1848 leading to rights for women in America. While it takes perseverance and determination, a few women with a dream begin to make changes happen, culmin ating in the rights of women to achieve full civil rights in 1920. Recently, the United States held an election for the highest position in the country and it was unprecedented, a woman was one of the two people vying for the office of President of the United States. In the late nineteenth century this would have never been thought possible. Women during this era had no self-representation other than their husbands and fathers. Several generations of women who supported the suffrage movement, fought to change theShow MoreRelatedThe Women s Rights Movement702 Words   |  3 Pagesthat the women’s rights movement in the United States failed to accomplish its goals in the early –mid 19th century because the slavery issue was never resolved is unfounded. In the early-mid 19th century, women began to demand change in American society, as they challenged the traditional roles of women politically, socially, and economically. - political, social, and economic change {Challenged the traditional views of women - pushed the boundaries – public sphere/life of women changed dramaticallyRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement874 Words   |  4 Pages1848 to 1920, the women’s rights movement demonstrated the first true act of feminism, founded by a group of women rights activists to combat against women’s suffrage in the United States. By the 1960’s radical feminists also known as the woman’s liberation movement once again took up the fight for equality amongst men and woman, yet by the late 1990’s early 2000’s it had begun to change, losing its primary focus of fighting for a woman’s right, and becoming a burden on women today. The blowback fromRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1659 Words   |  7 Pagesmen and women, the women’s rights movement in Pakistan has just begun. People are starting to protest against discriminations that women face in their daily lives that disable them from having a voice in society. Some of these discriminations involve men being able to divorce their wives without her consent, women’s voices having half the weight of a man’s in court, and female heirs inheriting less money or property than a male heir (â€Å"Sharia†, 9). Groups like the Pakistani Women’s Rights OrganizationRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement Essay987 Words   |  4 Pagesthat occurs is that women were never given the opportunity to voice their opinion on what kind of job that they should do. In addition, voting at this point of time for women was quite impractical. The wartime was a difficult time for women who wanted to capitalize on an opportunity. They wanted a job to prove to men that they are much stronger. However, there was hope when the U.S. woman’s rights movement began. A woman by the name of Elizabeth Cady Stanton started the movement at Seneca Falls, NewRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1366 Words   |  6 PagesW omen’s Rights Movement The equality women have today did not just happen over night.In this passage there will be evidence of an impowering fight that women over came to say WE ARE IMPORTANT TO!! All the brave strong women that fought this battle, along with the obstacles women still face today.Also the surprising fact that women’s rights also consists of racism and sexual orientation.This movement was necessary, and is truly an accomplishment in history. The first outbreak of confidentRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1091 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican history, women have constantly been suppressed. It was believed overall that women were not supposed to work, but to stay home, cook, clean, make clothes, and take care of the child(ren). Basically, a woman was considered her husband’s property. It was not until 1920s that women were finally able to get the rights they deserve, such as birth control, new divorce laws, and ultimately the right to vote, which was the main focus of the Women’s Rights Movement. This movement consisted of manyRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1547 Words   |  7 PagesFlorida SouthWestern State College The Women’s Rights Movement What was the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention on the Women’s Rights Movement? Jennifer Flores AMH2010 Mr. Stehlin 16 November 2015 The Women’s Rights Movement began in 1848 with the first assembly of women and men gathering to discuss the civil, social, and other conditions of women. The Seneca Falls Convention was the start of the women’s movement. The two women who organized this event were Lucretia Mott andRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1420 Words   |  6 Pageswomen’s rights movement in the United States in the early –mid 19th century did not fail to accomplish its goals, as slavery was not an issue women wanted to resolve (address?) In the early-mid 19th century, some women began to demand change in American society (as they challenged the traditional roles of women politically, socially, and economically?) -political, social, and economic change {challenged the traditional views of women - pushed the boundaries – public sphere/life of women changedRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1620 Words   |  7 Pageshas improved over the last several years in the broader culture and by police, self-blame and shame has persisted among victims, leaving them just as unwilling to come forward.†(Gray. para. 10) The women’s rights movement is still going strong, and there have been major accomplishments for women within the last several decades. In 1968, the fair housing act made it no longer possible for a woman to be turned down by a landlord based solely on her being female. In 1986, the legal definition of ‘sexualRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement881 Words   |  4 PagesThe Women’s Rights Movement, 1848–1920 1. â€Å"The first gathering devoted to women’s rights in the United States was held July 19–20, 1848, in Seneca Falls, New York.† 2. Principal organizers : Elizabeth Cady Stanton (a mother of four, the Quaker, abolitionist ) 3. Social and institutional barriers that limited women’s rights: family responsibilities, a lack of educational and economic opportunities, and the absence of a voice in political debates. 4. Stanton and Anthony created the National Woman

Creative Piece of the Great Gatsby Free Essays

â€Å"What are you doing? † Nick inquired. â€Å"Just standing here, old sport. † I felt relieved, at least I had a friend standing in this dark night with me now, I won’t be alone anymore like I was always be. We will write a custom essay sample on Creative Piece of the Great Gatsby or any similar topic only for you Order Now Somehow, I know my face looks really vicious right now. I might be too worried about what happened tonight. Nick seemed to be frightened by me. After a really awkward silence, I decided to shoot my question:† Did you see any trouble on the road? † â€Å"Yes, †obviously he’s waiting for my confession. I don’t want to surrender my little hope that quickly, â€Å" Was she killed? â€Å"Yes. † His reply was simple and strong. At that moment I had the impulsion to tell him everything happened tonight, but I still kept it to myself eventually. â€Å" I thought so; I told Daisy I thought so. It’s better that the shock should all come at once. She stood it pretty well. † I was kind of surprised by my attitude. I was talking about a dead woman who had been killed by Daisy and all I care is Daisy’s reaction. Since when did I become so cold-blooded? To distract him from my reaction, I continued:† I got to West Egg by a side ro ad and left the car in my garage. I don’t think anybody saw us, but of course I can’t be sure. † I tried my best to put on a cheerful smile and tell him everything will be ok. He’s astonished by my indifferent attitude. â€Å" Ok, man, I really don’t think you understand how severe this car accident was and I hate to tell you that you are absolutely wrong,† he skillfully hid his disgusted face and went on,† her name was Wilson. Her husband owns the garage. Now let’s be honest, it was you or Daisy driving that damn devil car? † I know he would punch me in my face if I kept saying some nonsense. Yes, she was driving, but of course I ‘ll say I was. When we left New York she was really nervous that she thought she would be steady if she could drive. You know I always let her do whatever she wants to do. So this woman, rushed out at us just as we were passing a car coming the other way. It all happened to fast to save anything. She seemed like she wanted to speak to us, I don’t even know who she was. First Daisy turned away from the woman toward the other car, but for some reasons she turned back and smashed into her. I think she wanted to kill her, old sport. Yes, she succeeded, it ripped her open. † Nick doesn’t seem surprised; he probably knows something about Daisy and that woman. At that moment, I was irritated because this whole world is filled with lies and I’m the only idiot who has no idea what’s going on. â€Å" Don’t tell me. I don’t want to hear it. † I was so frustrated that I tried to deceive myself that Daisy just accidentally killed that woman. † I tried to make her stop but the car’s brake was broken so she couldn’t. I pulled on the emergency brake and she fell over into my lap and I drove on. † â€Å"I hope Daisy will be alright tomorrow. I’m so worried about her right now. Yes, she’s gonna to be relaxed. That’s right, nothing is gonna bother her, except†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Nick interrupted with an angry roar, â€Å"Seriously man, you guys killed an innocent woman! It’s not like a forgivable mistake that you can do something to compensate. I really hate judging people but the way you deal with this accident and your attitude really irritate me. I can’t stand it anymore. Where are your sympathy, innocence and passion? It’s not worth it to lose them to Daisy. † I made a parting grasp at my hair because I dislike myself too. All those good and evil things happened upon my life made me exhausted. The only goal I have for now is to protect Daisy. Or, I might just want to keep the most beautiful memory of my life in my deep soul and have the extravagant hope that I can make everything looks just like before. Marrying Daisy is probably no longer my dream, getting the stubborn me satisfied by achieving all those old dreams is. To get rid of this wild surmise, I continued, â€Å" I’ll wait here and see if he tries to bother her about that unpleasantness this afternoon. I told her that if he intends to do anything she could lock herself in her room and turn the light out and on again. † â€Å"He won’t touch her. † He blinked his eye and said,† He’s not thinking about her. † â€Å"I don’t trust him, old sport. † He seemed to be annoyed by our nonsensical conversation. â€Å" How long are you going to wait? † â€Å"All night, if necessary. Anyhow, till they all go to bed. † I hope my persistence can drive him away and fortunately it worked, â€Å"You wait here,† he said, â€Å"I’ll go see if there’s any sign of a commotion. † After he’s gone, I’m a little bored by the sudden quietness. Actually, I’m also confused by what I really want to find out tonight. One of the inner villains keeps telling me that nothing special will happen tonight and Daisy won’t let you take the responsibility for her. The other one despised my infatuation and implied me that Daisy was conspiring with Tom. Maggie Chen Mr. Maurer Voices 16 February 2013 Analysis In this chapter, we can get the general idea that Gatsby is confused with his true feelings to Daisy. He used to be obsessed with her and was willing to do anything to win her back. However, after what happened in recent years, he started to open his eyes and look within. He’s not satisfied with the life he is living now. Although he once had really clear goals that were even not worth fighting for, at least he had motivation to keep his strength and finally achieved his dreams. Judging by his inner struggle and all the things he said to Nick in this chapter, he tries his best to relive his old life and pursue all those unfinished dreams. As we explore deeper into the particular mental activities, he apparently is just completing tasks out of obligation, without any care in it. For example, he keeps telling himself that Daisy is going to be all right â€Å"I hope Daisy will be alright tomorrow. I’m so worried about her right now. Yes, she’s gonna to be relaxed. That’s right, nothing is gonna bother her, except†¦Ã¢â‚¬  These words are also used to comfort himself by saying he has already done everything he could. Gatsby also changes from an innocent sympathetic boy into an indifferent murderer who doesn’t value other people’s lives. Even Nick, a non-judging good friend can’t stand it anymore, as he says, â€Å"It’s not like a forgivable mistake that you can do something to compensate. In my opinion, Gatsby staring  into the night at the green light at the end of Daisy’s dock, having lavish parties to attract her attention, making money only to win Daisy back, using Daisy’s cousin Nick to arrange a â€Å"crafty† reunion, buying the multi-million dollar home just to be near her and taking the responsibility for the car crash only to save Daisy’s sanity, all these are more signs of obsession than true love. Gatsby’s obsession with Daisy is hopeless and he’s quite enjoying what he’s doing. How to cite Creative Piece of the Great Gatsby, Essay examples

Analysis of Woolworth

Question: Write an essay of explaining what the main strategy development tools are and how they are used in your chosen business Organization. Answer: Introduction Gaining a competitive advantage against a companys rivals involves the creation and sustaining of superior performance by the company. Woolworths, an Australian based company operates in the retail industry. The retail industry is highly competitive and this forces Woolworths to formulate competitive strategies by differentiating its operations from the competitors in order to gain a competitive edge (Madsen and Walker, 2015, p. 88). Woolworths faces stiff competition from Wal-Mart, ALDI, TESCO, and Macro Wholefoods Limited companies. The main goal of Woolworths is becoming competitive in the retail industry by giving customer high-quality retail services and products. To achieve this dream, the company applies strategy development tools such as the SWOT analysis, PROFIT, PESTEL, Porter's five forces in designing competitive advantage strategies against its main rivals as mentioned above. The aim of this essay is explaining SWOT, PESTEL, and Five Forces as the main strategy developme nt tools used by Woolworths in gaining a competitive edge against its competitors. Porters Five Forces The Porter five forces strategy analytical tool assesses the current position of the whole sector in which a company operates (Porter, 2011, p. 66). The analysis of Woolworth's operations in Australian retail industry is done through the application of the five forces as follows: Bargaining power of buyers There are numerous companies that operate in the retail industry in Australia. As a result, the bargaining power of customers is significantly higher as far as the purchasing of basic commodities from the supermarkets by customers is concerned (Porter, 2011, p. 68). Since buyers have broad options of companies to buy from, Woolworths offer after sales services such as discounts, transport, and e-business more effectively hence winning more buyers. As a result, the competitive edge is gained. Bargaining power of suppliers The Australian retail industry is highly concentrated with big companies and among them is Woolworths. Other players also dominate the market such as Wal-Mart hence divides the market share for Woolworths retail products (Porter, 2011, p. 69). Woolworths, therefore, should advance its supplies roles to boost its performance in the market hence obtain a wider market share that leads to a competitive advantage. Threats of new entrants In the Australian retail industry, the threat of new players is low since the big companies have dominated the market (Porter, 2011, p. 70). Woolworths being a big player in the market needs to acquire more businesses and market its products in the country to compete out the already established rival firms such as Wesfarmers. Rivalry among existing companies Woolworths is rivaled by Wesfarmers and Wal-Mart in the Australian market. Woolworth competes with these companies for the market share (West, Ford, and Ibrahim, 2015, p. 40). The management should properly assess the strategies used by these rivals to design counter-strategies of improving market share. Threat of substitute Woolworths sells basic commodities for human survival. The market has no other alternative consumable product hence must buy from Woolworths. Therefore, the threat of substitute is lower and consumers have to utilize the retail commodities for there is no other choice. PESTEL Analysis PESTEL is another crucial tool that Woolworths can use in assessing its external industry environment that impacts on its performance. Political The political factors in Australia significantly affect Woolworths performance in the retail industry adversely. For example, the Federal government launched a competition policy to deny Woolworths and other big players the right to eliminating competition (Ashton and Morton, 2005, p. 30). These political conditions make Woolworths lose completion edge to small retailers hence should be addressed. Economic Market recessions in Australia have adversely affected Woolworths performance and profitability in the retail industry. There have been declines in economic activities in Australian markets and this affects Woolworths (Babu, 2012, p. 55). Also, currency fluctuations and exchange rates disparities affect Woolworths international businesses. Social The norms, beliefs, religions, customs, and behavior of consumers in Australian market also affect Woolworths performance in the retail industry. For example, some cultures prohibit consumption of certain foods sold by Woolworths (Yksel, 2012, p. 52). The company is highly socially responsible to the society and gives back to the society. Technological Woolworths operates in a technologically competitive industry in which investing in technology is necessitated. Other big players such as Wal-Mart use e-commerce in selling its products. Woolworths applies the green refrigeration technology in storing perishable products (Babu, 2012, p. 56). Further, the company is adopting the e-business model to increase its sales hence enhance its competitiveness in the industry. Environmental Environmental factors also impact on Woolworths performance and competitiveness in the industry. Petrol and winemaking businesses around Woolworths location poses adverse threats to the company in that the environment is at risk of unclean air to breath and water to drink. As a result, the healthy conditions of workers are endangered (Ghemawat, 2016, p. 732). Legal Legal factors affect Woolworths in form of carbon tax that was implemented by Australias Federal government and affected the retail sector in particular. Regulation of retail operations by Australian Competition and Consumer Commission adversely affects Woolworths performance in the industry (Wagner and Hollenbeck, 2014, p. 90). SWOT Analysis Woolworths applies SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis tool in understanding both internal and external demands in the market hence gaining a competitive advantage. Strengths i. Strong retail brand name and efficient operations ii. Popular and successful brands such as Chad Valley iii. Use of modern retail trade model iv. A wide variety of retail products Weaknesses i. Global presence is negligible as compared to that of rivals ii. Failure to sustain a competitive edge of its brand in the market iii. Late entry to e-commerce hence stiff competition iv. Lower experience in online marketing Opportunities i. Promote its retail brands through adverts, sales promotions, and sponsorship ii. Wide unexploited retail market in the world iii. Availability of strategic acquisitions and mergers in the market iv. Numerous franchise models in emerging economies Threats i. Stiff competition both locally and internationally ii. Recessions in the economy that hinder its growth strategies iii. Increase in material costs from both food to non-food products iv. Falling profit margins due to rising of material costs As highlighted in the introduction, the main competitors of Woolworths are TESCO, Wal-Mart, and ALDI. A proper understanding of the internal and external market forces would help the management of Woolworths design effective competitive advantage strategies (Arli et al., 2013, p. 16). These strategies include the exploitation of the potential markets in the world market to boost performance, the formation of mergers and acquisitions with other companies to diversify its brand recognition and enhance its financial position (Gunjal, 2017, p. 40). Further, Woolworths marketing team needs to employ franchise models in its acquisition policies so as to thrive in the market. Also, the company should enhance creativity and innovation by getting up to date with the new business technologies such as online marketing and e-commerce in order to gain a competitive advantage over its key rivals (Gunjal, 2017, p. 20). Finally, Woolworths needs to invest in building its brand to enhance that its va lue is maintained in the market hence maintaining its competitive edge. Conclusion A critical strategic analysis of Woolworths has been undertaken with an aim of assessing the critical strategies that the company uses to gain a competitive edge against its big rivals. The performance of Woolworths is affected by both internal and external market factors ranging from SWOT factors, PESTEL Factors, and Porter Five Forces. From the analysis, Woolworths is strongly committed to establishing a brand acceptable in the entire Australian and international markets. Woolworths is faced with stiff competition from other big players in the retail industry and this threatens its performance and sustainability in the market. Also, Woolworths operates in adverse economic, political, and legal market environment that affects its performance. While the company cannot take control over the adverse PESTEL factors, the company can come up with strategies for advancing an efficient SWOT model in which all opportunities are exploited and all weaknesses addressed appropriately. Therefore, Woolworths should frame a consistent competitive strategy in which all adverse factors are properly addressed in a manner that will establish a fair price policy to the consumers. Bibliography Arli, V., Dylke, S., Burgess, R., Campus, R. and Soldo, E., 2013. Woolworths Australia and Walmart US: Best practices in supply chain collaboration.Journal of Economics, Business Accountancy Ventura,16(1). Ashton, C. and Morton, L., 2005. Managing talent for competitive advantage: Taking a systemic approach to talent management.Strategic HR review,4(5), pp.28-31. Babu, H.S., 2012. SWOT analysis for opening of FDI in Indian Retailing.European Journal of Business and Management,4(3), pp.55-65. Ghemawat, P., 2016. Evolving ideas about business strategy.Business History Review,90(4), pp.727-749. Gunjal, T.D., 2017. A SWOT ANALYSIS AND RECENT FDI CONTROVERSY OF RETAIL SECTOR IN INDIA.International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies,3(4). Madsen, T.L. and Walker, G., 2015.Modern competitive strategy. McGraw Hill. Porter, M.E., 2011.Competitive advantage of nations: creating and sustaining superior performance(Vol. 2). Simon and Schuster. Wagner III, J.A. and Hollenbeck, J.R., 2014.Organizational behavior: Securing competitive advantage. Routledge. West, D.C., Ford, J. and Ibrahim, E., 2015.Strategic marketing: creating competitive advantage. Oxford University Press, USA. Yksel, ?., 2012. Developing a multi-criteria decision making model for PESTEL analysis.International Journal of Business and Management,7(24), p.52.

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Analysis of Abraham Lincolns Second Inaugural Address free essay sample

In Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, he uses many different kinds of rhetorical strategies to unite a broken nation. During the time of the speech, it is four years into the Civil War and it is about to end. In this speech, Lincoln uses allusion, parallel structure, and diction to unify the North and the South.A rhetorical strategy that is seen throughout Lincoln’s speech is an allusion. He uses God and the Bible to show that the people both from the North and also the South have the same values. Lincoln says, â€Å"Each looks for an easier triumph, and a result less fundamental astounding. Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other. It may seem strange that any men should dare to ask a just God’s assistance in wringing their bread from the sweat of other men’s faces, but let us judge not, that we are not judged. We will write a custom essay sample on Analysis of Abraham Lincolns Second Inaugural Address or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page † What Lincoln said was from the Bible, and most people could relate because many of the citizens were very religious. Lincoln also states, â€Å"†¦Let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds..† That was also an allusion to the Bible, impacting the people to help fix the nation and to help come together as a nation. Religion was very important to many citizens of that time, so the religious allusion used in the speech was very effective. Another strategy used in Lincoln’s address was parallel structure. The parallel structure emphasized what his goals were for the nation. For example, he says, â€Å"to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.† Abraham Lincoln’s goal was to establish peace again within the two sides and to rebuild the nation. Another example of allusion was at the beginning of the speech when Lincoln said, â€Å"All dreaded it, all sought to avert it.† He said, â€Å"all† to bring together both sides, saying that neither one wanted to fight, but now they have to come together to fix the â€Å"broken nation.†Lastly, Abraham Lincoln uses diction to create a feeling of unity between the people. In his speech, Abraham says, â€Å"Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God.† Lincoln uses the word â€Å"both† often in his speech, which unifies the North and the South. It also says in his speech, â€Å"..let us strive on to finish the work we are in†¦Ã¢â‚¬  The statement reminds everyone that they’re all in it together by saying â€Å"us†. Diction throughout Abraham Lincoln’s speech adds to the unity that was created by parallel structure and allusion.In Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, he uses religious allusion, encouraging parallel structure, and repetitive diction to unify the North and the South. Lincoln’s goal when giving this speech was not to celebrate the North’s win, but to unify and to create peace between the broken nation.